by Ben Ditzel
For centuries, the question of the Christian God’s existence has been debated by religious and non-religious alike. Philosophers such as Descartes have said that the existence of a compassionate God is reasonably essential for the reality of the mind to be important. Immanuel Kant argued that the existence of God can be inferred from the existence of good on earth. However, those in opposition to God’s existence have suggested that God, who is claimed to be all good, cannot exist for the very reason that there is evil in creation. With two strong arguments from numerous intellectuals throughout history, one can add a third viewpoint and state that it is impossible to prove God’s existence or non-existence apart from faith, namely the Christian faith as stated in the Christian’s Bible Hebrews 11, referenced in the forthcoming argument. For this argument, let me duly state that all Christians are human, but not all humans are Christians. My reference to humans therefore encompasses the Christian human and non-Christian human alike. My allusions to humans reflect society as we know it minus any faith factors. My allusions to Christians reflect society as we know it with an additional faith founded on the Bible. My allusions to the said God refer to the Christian God, Jehovah (יהוה).
All humans, including those of the Christian persuasion, are capable of proving claims pertaining only to sensible perception and the maths, in other words, that which is perceivable through science. This is made clear by our senses, which are able to confirm only the existence of things that we feel and see. One is able to prove that the wind exists because it can be felt and one can visibly see the effects of the wind in the sky and on earth. One is able to prove that rocks exist only because one is able to see and feel them. The sciences are able to analyse and break down the rocks and define their origin and composition.
The human is unable to prove that which is invisible from the perception of the sciences. There is nothing that can be scientifically proven that is not able to be experienced by the perceptions of human. The human’s rationality, logic, pure intellect, and knowledge prohibit the scientifically invisible to be perceived and proved through the senses. Such a proof would give reason to believe that that which is said to be scientifically invisible is actually scientifically visible because of the very fact that it is able to be perceived and proved.
The claim of God’s existence is not a claim pertaining to sensible perception, nor is it a claim pertaining to the maths. God, as He is known to human, is not something to be experienced visibly by all men. God is not able to be felt or experienced by any one of human’s five senses, namely sight, hearing, taste, smell, or touch. God is invisible. God has historically been known as the invisible One. He has been said to be a driving Force or the Invisible Creator. Even those who refute the existence of God through any means still define the said idea of a God as invisible and imperceptible.
The Christian persuasion’s Bible states that human faith is the only evidence which proves things which are invisible in the book of Hebrews chapter 11, verse 1. ‘Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.’ (Author Unknown) Christians, as a whole, believe in the infallibility of the Bible and, that being the case, one can reasonably claim that Christians cannot prove the existence of God through science if the said faith is the prerequisite for the evidence of that which they cannot see, namely God. Again, Hebrews has this to say. ‘And without faith it is impossible to please God, because anyone who comes to Him must believe that He exists and that He rewards those who earnestly seek Him.’ (Author Unknown) The Apostle John quotes Jesus the Christ as saying, ‘Because you have seen me, you have believed; blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.’ (Apostle John) These references give Christian reasoning for belief in things which have not been seen or things which cannot be perceived by the senses.
Faith does not pertain to sensible perception or the maths. It is entirely different in that it is a system of beliefs that are not necessarily tangible to those without the said faith. Faith is based on spiritual knowledge rather than scientific proof. The very word faith came from Latin’s fidem which means to have a trust. But though the invisible God is claimed to be known only through the Christian faith, many Christians promote a need to prove scientifically that God exists in order to refute their opposition. They use such Scriptures such as Psalm 19:1 as a backing for proof of science and God being intimately linked. ‘The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of His hands.’ (King David) Some Christians simply quote Psalm 14:1 when opposition arises. ‘The fool says in his heart, “There is no God.”’ (King David) A very popular claim of humanity who are in favour of God’s existence is that human’s basic morality must prove that a God exists. But what definition of morality do they claim comes from God and therefore proves His existence? It is universally known that there are numerous versions of morality worldwide, each one potentially vastly different from the other. So, since this is the case, which one morality standard came from God? The very essence of God commands one concrete and solid reality or standard. Therefore, it is clear that if there is more than one standard of morality, this supposed morality can exist without God.
Unlike the wind, which has effects that can be seen and proved, that which is often attributed to God, cannot be proven to be related to God or the existence thereof simply because the attributes and effects of God can certainly be attributed to something else such as evolutionary theories and other Godless systems of thought and knowledge. However, some philosophers feel that with a universe so vast and detailed, there must have been a designer, namely God. Roger Jones says on his website Philosophy.org.uk, ‘If you found a clock and examined the mechanism within it, you would probably think that this intricate mechanism was not the outcome of mere chance, that it had been designed. Now look at the universe; is it possible that such an intricate mechanism, from the orbits of planets round the sun to the cells in your fingernails could all have happened by chance? Surely, this enormously complex mechanism has been designed, and the being that designed it must be God’ (Jones) To echo Jones, but in challenge, surely, human is able to comprise great schemes at the expense of numerous ancient traditions of thought in order to develop an arrangement of beliefs that elude to routes around the said God that justify certain processes and outcomes. Such a belief, as that belief in a deity such as God, must therefore rely solely on faith, which is, in the Christian claim, the evidence of things not seen. Since faith is not universally acknowledged as a perceiving sense of mankind and since faith is not universally acknowledged as a factor for proof of a thing existing or not existing, God cannot be proved by a non-perception, namely faith. So, one must conclude that that which cannot be perceived by the senses cannot be proved scientifically, therefore, proving the existence of God through the sciences is not possible in the Christian persuasion.
Some claim that man is able to prove that which is not pertaining to the maths and sensible perception. These will claim that transmissions such as infrared, gamma rays, radio waves, and other visibly unperceivable occurrences are unable to be detected neither by the human senses nor by the maths. Their error is that these visibly unperceivable occurrences are in actuality visible with certain scientific instruments. Therefore these visibly unperceivable occurrences are quite visible with the right tools and are able to be proven since they are still pertaining to the sensible perception of humans in the sciences.
Premise 1. All humans, including those of the Christian persuasion, are capable of proving claims pertaining only to sensible perception and the maths.
Premise 2. The claim of God’s existence is not a claim pertaining to sensible perception, nor is it a claim pertaining to the maths.
Premise 3. God is invisible.
Premise 5. Furthermore, the Christian persuasion’s Bible states that human faith is the only evidence which proves things which are invisible.
Premise 4. Faith does not pertain to sensible perception or the maths.
Conclusion. Therefore, proving the existence of God through the sciences is not possible in the Christian persuasion.
In conclusion, it is claimed that the existence of God is not something that can or needs to be proved through the sciences by Christian humans.
Author Unknown. “Hebrews 11:1.” The Holy Bible. New York: American Bible Society,
“Hebrews 11:6.” The Holy Bible. New York: American Bible Society, 1962. Print.
‘King’ David. “Psalm 19:1.” The Holy Bible. New York: American Bible Society,
“Psalm 14:1.” The Holy Bible. New York: American Bible Society,
‘The Apostle’ John. “John 20:29.” The Holy Bible. New York: American Bible Society,
Jones, Roger. “Philosophy and the Proof of God’s Existence.” Philosophy and the Proof of
God’s Existence. N.p., 2008. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.